As we already know that India’s energy mix is heavily skewed in favor of conventional sources of energy, more particularly Coal and Big Hydro Plants, there is growing glamour for Increasing share of Renewable energy. Renewable sources of energy mainly include – Solar, Wind, Small Hydro, Waste to Energy, Bio energy. These have numerous advantage over conventional. All conventional resources use a scarce resource which is expected to exhausts in near future. Even Hydro power falls in this category as water is a scarce resource and we have seen that countries are having hard time securing their future water needs. Renewable sources on the other hand, use resources which are abundant from nature. Wind and Solar resource won’t exhaust even if fully exploited. Other renewable sources such as waste to energy, bio energy aims to turn waste into resource.
This character of renewable sources is also expected to give cost advantage over other sources, once current technical and economic barriers are overcome. Like there is coal market, oil market there cannot be any market of wind or solar resources in future resulting in fluctuations in raw material prices. Hence only cost is Infrastructural and Operational cost is mainly of management and maintenance.
Another solid contention is of ecological expenses of regular sources which are huge. While doing money saving advantage investigation in the event that we incorporate expenses of harms to biology then sustainable power source is ideal regardless of whether its current monetary expenses are considerably higher.
Combustion of fossil fuels emits greenhouse gasses such as Carbon dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Nitrogen Oxide, Sulphur dioxide, methane. Coal undergoes incomplete combustion which emits Carbon Soot and more carbon monoxide, these both causes respiratory problem. Carbon Monoxide is extremely poisonous and has affinity with Haemeoglobin cells, hence it can eliminate oxygen from human cells.
Nuclear Energy as we have seen, gives hazardous radioactive wastes which are to be handled for hundred of years. Any accident can cause genetic mutations in the affected people. Further, use of nuclear energy might have some link with corresponding Increase in nuclear arms because of growth and free flow of nuclear knowledge, which is beyond any one’s control.
Around 23 % of rural India continues to use Traditional Fuels such as firewood, Crop residue and dungcakes. This too have environmental and health concerns as their combustion releases poisonous gasses. It also brings hardship on rural women and girls as they spend substantial time on collecting this fuel. In recent years decentralized clean energy sources have increased and Use of portable solar cookers is catching up. This is important part of government agenda of ‘Inclusive and Sustainable development.
In this background, luckily, expenses of clean vitality, especially of Wind and Sun powered are tumbling from couple of years. There has been mechanical hindrances and unsupportive outside condition, which is presently pivoting by expanding rivalry in Industry and Indegenious advancements as well. Advance government’s endeavors of positive intercession by tact with nations, for example, Germany is normal bring numerous advantages.
Advocacy for renewable energy also came from United Nations, through its ‘United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’ in pursuance of which India adopted National Action Plan For Climate Change ( NAPCC). This action plan has 8 core mission. Among them 2 missions ie. ‘National Solar Mission’ and ‘National Mission for Enhanced Energy efficiency’ have direct bearing on the chapter.
Renewable energy could reduce emissions but also create jobs and improve public health.
The future is green energy, sustainability, renewable energy.
This Dushhera lets Pledge to limit the use of fossil fuel instead use Renewable energy wherever possible…